District: Montmartre, Paris. Rent your Apartment with Apartrental
Montmartre is a hill in the north of Paris in the XVIIIe arrondissement, primarily known for the white-domed Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur on its summit. The other, older, church on the hill is Saint-Pierre de Montmartre, which claims to be the location at which the Jesuit order of priests was founded. The community on the hill is also called "Montmartre".
Safe and touristic district of Montmartre in Paris, famous for its historic and touristic live, apartment for rent in Montmartre, all furnished, linen, towels, short term rentals.
Dominated by the Sacred Heart (Sacré Coeur), with the colorful and bustling Place du Tertre and its alleys, whose artistic charm vies with mystic attraction, Montmartre is a legendary district, a high place for Parisian Christians with the basilica of Saint Denis, name of the man who was sent by the Pope in order to evangelize the Enlightenment's capital city. Montmartre's hillock, relegated by Napoléon III to the rank of suburb, used to be the martyrium, i.e. the grave of the first bishop of Paris, called Denis.
Saint Denis, a Christian martyr, the bishop of Paris and the patron saint of France, died around 250 on Montmartre. The martyrdom of Denis gave the name of Montmartre, in French literally the mountain of the martyr.
During the 19th century, when Napoleon III and his city planner Baron Haussmann planned to make Paris the most beautiful city in Europe, a first step was to grant large sweeps of land near the center of the city to Haussmann's friends and financial supporters. This drove the original inhabitants to the edges of the city — to the districts of Clichy, La Villette, and the hill with a view of the city, Montmartre. Since Montmartre was outside the city limits, free of Paris taxes and no doubt also due to the fact that the local nuns made wine, the hill quickly became a popular drinking area. The area developed into a center of free-wheeling and decadent entertainment at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. In the popular cabaret the Moulin Rouge, and at Le Chat Noir, artists, singers and performers regularly appeared including Yvette Guilbert, Marcelle Lender, Aristide Bruant, La Goulue, Georges Guibourg, Mistinguett, Fréhel, Jane Avril, Damia and others. Basilica of the Sacré Cœur was built on Montmartre from 1876 to 1912 by public subscription as a gesture of expiation after the defeat of 1871 in the Franco-Prussian War. Its white dome is a highly visible landmark in the city, where just below it artists still set up their easels each day amidst the tables and colorful umbrellas of Place du Tertre.
In the mid-1800s artists, such as Johan Jongkind and Camille Pissarro, came to inhabit Montmartre. By the end of the century, Montmartre and its counterpart on the Left Bank, Montparnasse, became the principal artistic centers of Paris. Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, and other impoverished artists lived and worked in a commune, a building called Le Bateau-Lavoir during the years 1904?1909. Artist associations such as Les Nabis and the Incoherents were formed and individuals including Vincent van Gogh, Pierre Brissaud, Alfred Jarry, Gen Paul, Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Henri Matisse, André Derain, Suzanne Valadon, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Maurice Utrillo, Toulouse-Lautrec, Théophile Steinlen worked in Montmartre and drew some of their inspiration from the area. The last of the bohemian Montmartre artists was Gen Paul (1895?1975), born in Montmartre and a friend of Utrillo, Paul's calligraphic expressionist lithographs, sometimes memorializing picturesque Montmartre itself, owe a lot to Raoul Dufy.
Just off the top of the butte, Espace Salvador Dalí showcases surrealist artist Salvador Dalí's work. Nearby, day and night, tourists visit such sights as the artists in Place du Tertre and the cabaret du Lapin Agile. Many renowned artists are buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre and the Cimetière Saint-Vincent. The Musée de Montmartre is in the house where the painter Maurice Utrillo lived and worked in a second-floor studio.
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